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SHUNGITE APPLICATION FOR DIARRHEA PREVENTION IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS

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SHUNGITE APPLICATION FOR DIARRHEA PREVENTION IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS

 

Driaeva M. D., Kachmazov R. S., Khadartsev A. A.,

Tuktamyshev I. S., Platonov V. V.

 

NII Novykh Meditsinskikh Tekhnologiy, Tula

 

Introduction

 

The use of natural substances for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases causing diarrhea is conditioned by historical knowledge confirmed by modern medicine and biology. Increasing the production of livestock products and improving their quality is associated with preserving the young livestock and reducing sickness rates. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to test and use various natural substances. One of these substances is shungite powder which has carbon as its main element. Shungite powder has absorbing, medical and prophylactic properties and is water-insoluble [1].

 

Research Object and Methods

 

18 persons were treated for diarrhea caused by Type A chronic gastritis. Twelve patients were prescribed shungite powder at a dose of 10 g twice daily. Six patients (control group) were treated with antibacterial drugs (such as phthalylsulfathiazole and chloramphenicol). The clinical picture of the disease was evaluated and microbiological analysis of feces was performed.

Shungite was also used for the prevention of gastrointestinal diseases in piglets at Sovetsky, SPK. To determine optimal prophylactic doses of the preparation under study, seven groups of clinically healthy weanling piglets aged 3 to 4 months old were formed. Shungite was added to the fodder given to the piglets from six groups twice a day for 14 days. The piglets were under daily observation. Bacteriological analysis of their feces was performed prior to shungite application and on the 7th and 14th day of the experiment.

 

Research Results

 

During the treatment of diarrhea, the experimental and control group underwent the same kind of treatment to kill all pathogenic bacteria in the stomach. However, disbacteriosis symptoms were revealed during the follow-up observation in three patients from the control group and two patients suffered from constipation. No by-effects have been seen in the experimental group. The results of the experiment are shown in the table below:

 

Table

Clinical Characteristics of Prophylactic Application of Shungite in Piglets

 

Group

Number of piglets

 

Dose of shungite, g

Number of sick piglets

 

Prophylactic efficiency, %

Heads

%

I

7

3

2

29

 

II

6

5

2

33

 

III

7

7

1

14

 

VI

8

10

1

12.5

 

V

8

20

100

VI

6

30

100

Control

11

No shungite applied

4

 

 

 

No significant differences in the physiological development of the piglets from the control and experimental group have been revealed. The piglets appeared to be enjoying the fodder with and without the preparation under study equally (except the piglets which got sick). None of the piglets refused to eat the fodder containing shungite.

Significant differences were found in the overall state of the piglets from the experimental and control group. Morbidity rates of gastrointestinal diseases which mainly caused diarrhea were rather high in the control group – 36.3 %. Adding 20-30 g of shungite to the fodder has ensured a 100% prophylactic effect. 

Shungite has been revealed to have a positive effect on stool consistency. The piglets from the first and second group had a mild form of diarrhea and required no medications; defecation improved in 2-3 days. The piglets were treated for their diarrhea with tiamutin at a dose of 1.5 ml intramuscularly for three days in a row. The piglets from the control group had a more severe form of diarrhea with more frequent bowel movements with liquid stool with mucus . They were treated with tiamutin for 5 days.

E.coli and salmonellae which have pathogenic and virulent for white mice properties were identified during the bacteriological analysis of the feces of the sick piglets. Concentration of bifidus and lactic acid bacteria was low.

The microbial flora in all experimental groups before shungite application did not differ from that in the control group.

Concentration of bifidus and lactic acid bacteria in the stomach bacterial cenosis of the piglets from the fifth and sixth group increased on the 7th day of the experiment, while the most significant increase was seen by the 14th day.  No high-titer pathogenic microflora was observed.

There have been no significant differences between the biocenosis in the stomachs of clinically healthy piglets on the 7th and 14th day of the experiment and before the experiment.

Thus, the above data allows us to recommend shungite at a dose of 10 g twice daily for treating diarrhea in humans and 20-30 g together with the fodder twice a day for 14 days as a supplement to improve digestion and prevent gastrointestinal diseases in weanling piglets.

 

Literature

1. Дриаева М.Д., Сыпченко А.Я., Туктамышев И.Ш., Удина Н.В., Хадарцев А.А. Изучение влияния свойств шунгита на микроорганизмы // ВНМТ.– 2003.– № 4.– С. 60–61.

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